Gum disease is a broad phrase we use to explain the whole scope of disease that varies from bleeding gums in the early phases to sophisticated periodontal disease. Gum disease is an advanced illness that heads to through stages as it gets worse and even worse. And the first stage is bleeding gums.
Whenever gums bleed, we call this gingivitis. Gingivitis happens whenever bacteria get into your gum tissues triggering redness, swelling, inflammation, and bleeding. Whenever you observe “swollen gums” or bleeding, this implies that inflammation is present.
One essential point to keep in mind is that you can have gingivitis and bleeding gums without knowing it. This is so since often time’s blood is oozing out little by little below the gum tissues in which you don’t see it.
In case bleeding gums are certainly not prevented, the bacteria will certainly next get into the bone below the gums creating irreversible bone damages, and this stage is called periodontitis, or periodontal disease. So the variation between gingivitis and periodontitis is whether bone damage has happened.